Arab researcher for -: Morsi will not be a new master of pole! | Politics and Economy -

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The death of former Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi during a trial session sparked widespread reactions. The Muslim Brotherhood, of which Mursi was a member, blamed the Egyptian regime for what it called "his deliberate murder" for "depriving him of his most basic rights to treatment and medicine." The group called on Egyptians to "gather in front of Egyptian embassies and consulates abroad" and demand an international investigation into the circumstances of Mursi's death. Is the death of the former president a new turning point in the history of the Muslim Brotherhood? Tunisian researcher specializing in Islamic thought Amal Qarami answers in dialogue with Arabic on this question and other questions.

Arab: Regardless of the controversy over the circumstances of the death of former President Mohamed Morsi, do you see the face of the similarity between his death and what happened to Mr. Qutb, With regard to its symbolic impact on the Muslim Brotherhood?

Amal Qarami: Certainly. Islamic movements usually look for making symbols. Islamic groups in all their configurations, not just the Muslim Brotherhood, are working to create a new individual symbol and to highlight Mohammed Morsi as an alternative symbol to the figures led by the Muslim Brotherhood.

Do you expect Morsi's death to increase the polarization between what is described as the reformist and radical currents within the Muslim Brotherhood?

I think that the context is appropriate, especially since the general political climate (in Egypt) is authoritarian and authoritarian, and free debates and exchanges of views are not allowed in a suitable space to create other alternatives. But it does not have to be polarized (in the negative sense), but there may be pluralism of opinions, ideas, attitudes and programs. On the other hand, the current circumstances may bring the group back to the oppressed square to exploit the idea of ​​new individual construction and play the victim's role and invest for years to cover the failure of governance during the period in which Mohamed Morsi.

Tunesien Dr. Amel Grami (privat)

Tunisian researcher specialized in Islamic thought d. Amal Qarami.

Are there fears that a wave of violence will be generated by the hardline movement in the Muslim Brotherhood after Morsi's death?

Yes fears exist, because there are sleeper cells in the community that may invest the death of Morsi, they are waiting for some events to exploit them in revenge. Let us not forget that the principle of revenge is rooted in many cultures in the region. Such reaction may not be from the group itself, but from what we call "individual wolves." There are members of the group who feel injustice and oppression, and can make primitive reactions and invest in emotions and emotions, as individuals and not necessarily as an organization.

Do you expect a change in the future relationship between the Egyptian regime and the Muslim Brotherhood after Morsi's death? Is there anyone who thinks that dialogue is possible? If this is possible, will the Brotherhood take a different approach to the Sisi regime?

The dispute between the military and Islamic currents is historical rather than recent. Conflicts may occur for a moment but bounce back into the violence box. There have been clashes throughout history. Although the balance of power varies, I do not think that the conditions are ripe for opening a new chapter of relations between the two parties. The climate today does not allow one to listen to the other, open dialogue with him and build new relationships. On the contrary, the relationship is a relationship of adversity and hostility. The Brotherhood is seen by the Egyptian regime as a betrayal of the homeland and has been classified as a terrorist movement operating against the interests of Egypt. On the one hand, I think that the military is benefiting from this situation in order to remove a political opponent who has played a role in the past years. The other problem is that the group itself has not developed and remained in a reactionary and self-contained framework.

Could Morsi's death have a future effect on the Brotherhood's thinking and approach to politics and state issues, such as reviews and assessments?

The experience of the Morsi presidency should be a catalyst for the group until it retracts its theory of governance and retreats of failure to know where the mistakes lie. The Brotherhood usually reviews from time to time, and the conditions are appropriate today, because the reviews reflect an evolutionary movement experienced by the Muslim Brotherhood movement from time to time when the personalities available to carry out these reviews. In order to overcome injustice and play the role of the victim and move from that to self-criticism, as says (the late Syrian thinker) Jalal Sadiq al-Azm. Political forces must be self-critical, confront themselves with imbalances, and call for redressing mistakes and moving to a new stage. All the experiences of ruling Islamic parties in the region almost resulted in negative results. Therefore, all these religious groups are called upon to reconsider the theory of Islamic governance and adapt it to the universal principles of human rights, especially the principle of coexistence and acceptance of difference, opinion and other opinion.

What about other groups or parties close to the Muslim Brotherhood in the Arab world and the region in general?
These movements are employing this politically, such as the Renaissance Movement in Tunisia, whose deputies insisted that the parliament should not take place until after standing and reading the fatihah on the spirit of Mohamed Morsi. But I do not think that Mursi's death will affect the change of approach and policies, because this does not change with the death of a person, especially since this person did not have books or intellectual ideas, as was Sayyed Qutb. The difference is that Sayyid Qutb was a thinker and producer of knowledge and had visions, as he formulated a theory in government, unlike Mohamed Morsi, who was not a thinker or entrepreneur. Nor did he have a different political vision, although he exercised the experience of governance. From here I think that his death will not affect the intellectual side of the Islamic groups.

* Amal Qarami: Tunisian university professor and expert in Islamic thought and human rights activist.

Interviewed by Mohieddin Hussein

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