Kouchner's plan: "Did the mountain produce a mouse?" | Politics and Economy -

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Before the launch of the Bahrain Economic Workshop, in which Jared Kouchner, the US president's brother-in-law, is scheduled to present his plan for resolving the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, Kouchner announced the outline of this plan, which aims to inject investments of up to $ 50 billion in more than one Arab country, And the implementation of infrastructure and business projects for Palestinian employment.

"The mountain was born with a mouse"

This was the view of Nils Schmid, spokesman for the foreign policy of the parliamentary group of the Social Democratic Party in the German parliament on the main features of Kouchner's plan. "The attempt to use vague financial promises to dissuade Palestinians from the idea of ​​a state has failed completely, even the Israeli government itself has sounded remarkably cautious about either the plan or the Bahrain conference," he said.

"For five decades since the defeat of June 1967, the Palestinians have proved that they are prepared to wait and sacrifice in order to achieve what they want, and I do not think that such a type," said Muhannad al-Haj Ali, a researcher at the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut, Of concessions are acceptable on their part, despite the previous concessions made through the Oslo agreement or other But here we talk about something different, this is a complete recognition of the defeat mixed humiliation, no Palestinian state and no return of refugees and resettlement in other countries for some funds and projects.

Kouchner's plan calls for a global investment fund to oversee the construction of 179 infrastructure and business projects. Trump hopes the rich Gulf states, Europe and Asia, and private investors will have a large part of the budget.

Saudi Kronprinz Mohammed bin Salman, Jared Kushner, Ivanka Trump (Reuters / J. Ernst)

Jared Kouchner in Saudi Arabia with his wife Ivanka Trump and Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman

"Deal with the taste of surrender and humiliation"

The absence of details of a political solution to the plan has been rejected not only by the Palestinians, but also by Arab states seeking to establish normal relations with them.

From Sudan to Kuwait, prominent commentators and ordinary citizens denounced Kouchner's proposals in remarkably similar terms such as "a huge waste of time", "failed" and "doomed to failure from the start." Liberal and leftist Egyptian parties sharply criticized the Bahrain workshop, "Aims to consecrate and legitimize the occupation of the Arab territories"

"As long as the Palestinian question remains the engine of the Arab peoples, it is true that the amount of solidarity may rise or fall," said Tariq Baqouni, political analyst and Middle East expert at the International Crisis Group. The Palestinian cause remains at the top of its concerns. "

"The Arab governments, especially after the Arab Spring revolutions, have become even more authoritarian, and some of them have formed the axis of the revolution against the revolutions of the peoples," he said. Security cooperation is the top priority of these regimes, which are looking for the development of cooperation and a strong security alliance, one of the main interlocutors is to reduce the influence of Iran, so that the search for a just solution for the Palestinians to the bottom of that list.

Mohanad Hage Ali (privat)

Muhannad al-Haj Ali, a researcher at the Carnegie Institute: Palestinians have proved for decades that they are ready to wait and sacrifice

Muhannad al-Haj Ali, a researcher at the Carnegie Institute in Beirut, said that "the shock mixed with feelings of humiliation is what the Arab peoples and some governments have felt" because in the end when you tell the Arab world that the countries of the ring, Jordan, Egypt, Lebanon and the Palestinians will all receive 50 billion dollars distributed over 10 years Soft loans paid by the Gulf countries, this is a severe insult in the end. "

"Promises are not enforceable"

The Palestinian Authority boycotts the Bahrain meeting and says a political solution is the only solution to the conflict. She said Kouchner's plans were "all theoretical promises" – an attempt to bribe the Palestinians to accept the Israeli reality imposed on the ground. While Gulf states allied to the United States, including Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, along with officials from Egypt, Jordan and Morocco, will not attend Lebanon, Iraq and the Palestinian Authority.

Proposed projects include:

1. A corridor across Israel linking the West Bank and the Gaza Strip

2 – power stations

3 – Desalination Plant in Gaza

4- Marine gas field "Gaza Marin"

In addition to other economic projects, mostly in the Egyptian Sinai, in return for the Palestinian concession of the "right of return" and the establishment of an independent state.

"This amount of money is unrealistic, whether in the form of grants, loans, private equity or investment capital, and does not include any contributions," said Tariq Baqouni, a political analyst and Middle East expert at the International Crisis Group. A US where Washington has suspended its participation in any funds related to the Palestinians; which shows that there is a US desire to stay away from any financial obligations in this regard. "

The previous leaks indicated the possibility of a deal with Egypt to settle part of the population of the Gaza Strip in the Egyptian Sinai and the establishment of a number of economic projects for them, in exchange for exchange may occur in the future between Egypt and Israel, under which Egypt gets land in the Negev, Haj Ali, as "superstitions and impossible, Egypt will not accept it from the ground, nor the Palestinians will run for an alternative homeland for their independent state."

It is not yet clear how the United States can persuade its allies in the Gulf to pay all these funds and what the future could be. But Bakouni believes that the return "may not be economic, but political, with full normalization with Israel, for example. More cooperation and alliance against Iran, and perhaps its return is to open the Gulf and Israeli markets on some of them, but all that remains just assumptions. "

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