Violence in Mopti, a threat to the Algiers peace agreement | Africa | -

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The UN Under-Secretary-General for Peace Operations, Jean-Pierre Lacroix, has undertaken since Wednesday, June 19, a three-day visit to Mali. A joint visit with Pedro Serrano, Deputy Secretary General of the European External Action Service. The two officials met with the Malian authorities and traveled to Mopti, a region of central Mali plagued by serious violence.

The objective is to contribute to the security of the country and to consolidate the implementation of the Algiers peace agreement, signed four years ago, in 2015. Despite this agreement, supposed to isolate definitely the jihadists in the north. In Mali, entire areas of the country are beyond the control of the Malian, French and UN forces, which are regularly targeted by attacks. Violence has spread from the north to the center, and sometimes to the south, and is often mixed with inter-communal conflicts, a phenomenon that is also experienced by neighboring Burkina Faso and Niger.

Problems of unrest in the center of the country

Tuareg Rebellen unterzeichen Friedensabkommen in Bamako (GettyImages / AFP / H.Kouyate)

President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita greets Mahamadou Djery Maiga, signatory of the Algiers peace agreement (20.06.2015)

Already considered slow, the implementation of the agreement risks if nothing is done, to be still threatened by unrest in the center. This violence and the change of government since May 5 may make it necessary to revive the whole mechanism.

In any case, that is what Ruben de Koning fears. The coordinator of the UN expert group for Mali says, in an interview with the -, that the slowdown in the implementation of the agreement would be due "the fact that we need a whole new national dialogue before making a constitutional revision that must still integrate the institutional reforms provided for in the agreement." The expert's proof of this is the experience of the past when this type of institutional reform "had an effect on security".

Finally, Ruben de Koning is convinced that the sanctions mechanism applied in Mali should "to also tackle the abuses committed in the center of Mali."

Listen to the interview with Ruben de Koning, by clicking on the main image of this article, at the top of the page.

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