Youth of Iran .. A future without prospects and the alternative is migration Politics and Economy -

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He is a hardworking young man who learns German very actively and wants to emigrate. "I studied marketing science and I have experience for a few years, our economy is exhausted, many companies are bankrupt, and the situation is getting worse every day," complains the 28-year-old in an exchange of emails with -.

Fear and hopelessness dominate like a heavy shadow over the country. Tensions between the United States and Iran have increased a year ago. After attacks on two oil tankers in the Gulf of Oman on June 13, 2019, the United States accuses Iran of being behind the attacks. The US government provided video footage as untrustworthy evidence. The German Chancellor Angela Merkel said on the position of the US government Tuesday in Berlin: "Of course we are dealing with these positions seriously and there is also strong evidence." But she stressed that negotiation remains the right path.

Nuclear agreement

The United States has long accused Iran of supporting terrorism in the region and causing instability. A year ago, under the leadership of President Donald Trump, the United States resorted to the abolition of an agreed nuclear agreement years ago. Under the nuclear deal, Iran would reduce uranium enrichment, export plutonium and allow for regular inspections by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). In return, Iran has promised to lift sanctions related to the nuclear program and provide assistance in economic development.

Iranischer Rial und US Dollar (picture-alliance / dpa / U. Baumgarten)

The Iranian economy is in crisis

Although Iran has complied with the terms of the deal, as repeatedly confirmed by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the United States abandoned the deal and began to "crack down", including, in particular, comprehensive economic sanctions. The European Union has tried to ease the pressure exerted by the United States to follow measures to avoid those sanctions, but failed in those endeavors.

Stress affects young people

"Our country finds itself in a bind and I do not think we can get out of this situation," says Jawad, who grew up in northern Iran where his family owns rice fields and lives as farmers. But Jawad wants another life and moved to the capital. "I have been forced to work hard to impose self in Tehran, our country is centrally organized and Tehran is the heart of the country, but there is another life opportunity here, but many think like me and want to migrate." Indeed, about a quarter of all Iranians prefer to live in another country, which is recognized by Tehran's cultural affairs delegate, who wrote on Twitter: "According to a study that 29.8 percent of the population wants because of the social, cultural and moral situation of living in another country. This is the result of a study carried out in 2016 when our situation was better. "

High migration rates

Since the Islamic revolution in 1979, Iran has been among the countries with a high immigration rate for academics, thinkers and scientists. There are no official statistics, but in May 2012 the Iranian newspaper Al-Sharq published the results of a study on the migration of students and award-winning students. According to the study, 70 percent of medal winners in physics, 77 percent of math winners and 50 percent of those who graduated from chemistry and information technology emigrated after completing their training. According to a US government study of March 2019, one in four Iranian constituents leaves his country when he has the potential. The reason, according to the American study, is the hope for social and religious freedoms and better prospects for employment.

Iran, Protest in Isfahan gegen Arbeitslosigkeit und Inflation (YGC)

Popular protests in Isfahan against unemployment and inflation

Feeling tired

"Every day we face events that change our lives upside down and we can not influence them," Farzan Ibrahimzadeh describes the concerns of many Iranians who have lost control of their lives. This journalist is researching the contemporary history of Tehran. More than 30,000 readers follow their projects in social networking sites. This is the case, for example, of women's desperate struggle for equality and a better life.

But Ibrahimzadeh is tired and lost hope. In an interview with -, she stressed that this situation applies to many of its citizens. "My hope for a better future in Iran is at zero, and last year I could have at least a week of programming for my life, and now I plan for the next hour at the latest."

There is no indication that the situation will improve in a foreseeable future in Iran. On the contrary, the Iranian government has set a time limit for the remaining partners in the nuclear agreement, which will be abandoned on July 7, 2019 if the country does not receive the promised economic benefits.

Shepnam von Hain / M.S.

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