75 years on the assassination attempt on Hitler .. "Point of light" in a dark chapter Politics and Economy -

Top News

Germany, Saturday (July 20, 2019) marks the 75th anniversary of the bold attempt by a group of German army officers, Fermacht at the time, to assassinate the Nazi leader and the absolute ruler of the German Reich Adolf Hitler led by Colonel Klaus Schoenk von Stauffenberg, which failed and resulted in the execution of all participants on the evening of the trial on 20 July 1944.

This year's anniversary coincides with the rise of a strong right-wing extremist and populist right-wing anti-immigrant and the European Union, which seeks to abuse the memory of the military elite led by Stauffenberg to employ that heroic action against the Nazi oppression to achieve its anti-democratic and pluralistic goals in society not only in Germany but throughout Europe And the Western world.

Operation Valkyrie, involving a number of civilians and military personnel, represented a heroic resistance against the Nazi regime at the time. However, German society has always found it difficult to agree to assess this positive attitude in Germany's dark history, said Cardinal Rainer Maria Volki, who described the coup attempt at the time as "the shining effect of a dark chapter of German history." The Cardinal said that these men and women who followed the voice of their conscience without fear or hesitation are today a source of inspiration for courage.

Deutschland 75 Jahre Attentat auf Hitler (picture-alliance / dpa / H. Hoffmann)

On July 20, 1944, Colonel von Stauffenberg placed time bombs in his briefcase during a meeting at the headquarters of the "commander", which was called "the wolf's den".

German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier said in a videotaped video that for a long time the community had failed to recognize the elite of the elite, although its work was an important part of the history of Germany's struggle for freedom.

On 20 July 1944, aristocrat Von Stauffenberg placed time bombs in his bag during a meeting at the headquarters of the "commander", which was called "The Wolf's Cradle" near Rustenburg, now in Poland. The assassination attempt, along with the coup, failed, with only minor injuries to Hitler. Colonel von Stauffenberg, who took part in the African campaign led by Marshal Irvin Rommel and lost one eye and one hand, was shot dead with three of his accomplices on the same evening.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel said recently that "those who moved on July 20 are role models for us." Merkel will deliver a speech at the monument of German resistance in Berlin on Saturday. Merkel's statement appears to be closer to a clarification in a country still under debate about Count von Stauffenberg.

On the outside, von Stauffenberg is undoubtedly a hero, as appeared in Hollywood star Tom Cruise in 2008. But in Germany itself, controversy is still circulating as critics consider it a late transition from a pro-Nazi to a mastermind of an attack on Hitler. He was also considered a traitor for a long time in a society that still bears traces of the years of Nazi rule, according to Johannes Tuschil, the director of the monument, in an article published in the Berlin-based newspaper Die Tagstaitung.

In the area of ​​Soviet control in the east, his elite and "internal revolution", according to Anton Ackerman, one of the most important participants in the resistance against Nazism at that time, was not in line with the communist popular ideals.

Kurt von Salterberg, who was present on the day of the attack, said in an interview with Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung that "in our view, von Stauffenberg was a coward who did not use a pistol, but explosives with a timer so he could get out safely."

Claus von Stauffenberg / Foto um 1934 (picture-alliance / akg-images)

The German Chancellor believes that the German Constitution establishing the rule of law "was not born in its present form" without the work of von Stauffenberg

He did not actually recognize the resistance against Nazism before the 1980s. The "Valkyrie" process and the fate of the students of the "White Rose" group in Munich were considered executed because they distributed leaflets against the symbolic regime.

The German Chancellor believes that the German constitution, the founder of the rule of law "was born in its present form" without the work von Steubenberg. But historians are reluctant to do so. "With some exceptions, they were not democrats who believed in that," historian Horfred Munkler told NDR radio.

In a recently published book, historian Gerhard Obercher sums up that they advocated an elitist vision of anti-pluralism, in short, "a very far cry from an open and democratic society."

This is what tempts the national right. A year ago, the Alternative Party for Germany raised a picture of the colonel, asserting that "civil disobedience and critical thought are citizens' duties." Tochl believes that the goal of the national right is clear: to appear as a victim of the "dictatorship of Merkel" to repeat the party's speech and gain, through its reliance on resistance to Nazism, legitimacy of its political activities.

"The model of a few people who resisted Nazism dates back to liberal traditions in the history of Germany … not to right-wing or reactionary extremists," he wrote.

H / H / A / H (AFP / KPA)

Sign up for our free – – – and receive our best articles in your inbox.

Enter your email address:

Delivered by FeedBurner

Powered by Blogger.