African Cup .. When the ball gathered teams of countries fought some of them Politics and Economy -

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While sports unions emphasize the need for a complete separation between politics and sport, observers are convinced that the two sides overlap more than once, both directly and indirectly, which happens little, and indirectly, which happens frequently, especially when it comes to the athlete still between two conflicting states .

The African Cup of Nations is one of the events that brings together teams representing countries that have collected or are currently engaged in conflicts. Most of these conflicts are essentially borderline, while some are due to political choices on certain issues. These conflicts often turned into bloody wars. The ball tried to ease its impact and to try to create a space for honest competition based on sportsmanship instead of resorting to the language of arms.

Between Cameroon and Nigeria

Cameroon and Nigeria have been in the running for the Cup, with the two teams one of the continent's strongest teams, but they have faced a bloody war that left a number of dead on the Bakassi Peninsula in the Gulf of Guinea. Like most of the border disputes, the dispute dates back to the colonial era, but the confrontation between them began in 1981, and armed fighting between the two sides in the following years followed mutual accusations of violation of sovereignty over the peninsula.

Kamerun Halbinsel Bakassi Willkommensschild (- / M. Bello)

The case was brought before the International Court of Justice at the request of Cameroon. After years of waiting, the court issued its famous decision in 2002 that Bakassi was returning to Cameroon, on the basis of an agreement between Germany and the British colonialist countries in 1913. Nigeria objected to the decision but handed over the peninsula in 2008 in a two- Under the auspices of the United Nations, was marred by violent events initiated by Nigerian armed groups that rejected the agreement.

Blood between South Africa and Namibia

The two teams met in the first round, recounting their encounter with what happened between them in bloody battles when they were first colonized by the second. The war between the two sides was known as the "Southern Africa Frontier War". Namibia was then the name of Southwest Africa. The confrontation spread over Namibian soil, as well as the Angolan, where regional and even international sides stood by both sides in battles that further inflamed the Angolan civil war.

Angola Soldat (Getty Images / AFP / P. Guyot)

An Angolan soldier during the war

The conflict ended with the South African Ceasefire Agreement (SWAPO) in 1998 in New York under the auspices of the Security Council, followed by elections for Namibia's self-determination that led to the Declaration of Independence in 1990, before Wolfsburg's return to Namibia In 1994. However, the tension between the two sides is still present because of a dispute on the border, specifically in the Orange River, which passes through several countries in the south of the continent, a dispute dating back to the colonial era between Britain and Germany.

"Khawwa-Khawwa" in the face of the conflict

Many Moroccans and Algerians themselves have decided to bring them together before the dream is postponed again. They wanted to meet a chance for a historic match between the two peoples, which suffered a lot of political tension between the two countries because of the conflict "Western Sahara". Algeria stands side by side with the Polisario, the Front, which wants a self-determination referendum leading to the separation of the Territory from Morocco, while the latter assumes its sovereignty over the region and proposes autonomy instead of the referendum.

Marokko Ahfir Bin Lajraf Grenze Algerien (- / I. Mellouk)

Border between the two countries

Before the Sahara conflict broke out, the two sides faced the sand war in 1963 because of the dispute over the borders inherited from French colonialism. Although they did not clash militarily afterwards, verbal skirmishes were repeated, despite the protocol messages they exchanged. The land border between them was closed in 1994 by an Algerian decision in response to Morocco's imposition of a visa on Algerian citizens, which led to the separation of many families on the border, where recent suffering has been compounded by the construction of fences.

Dispute on a rock!

The Kenyan team was eliminated in the group stage and Ugandan was eliminated in the second round, thus avoiding a direct confrontation between them. Their fans could restore the conflict between the two countries against the backdrop of the 2,000-square-meter island of Megengo, inhabited by about 500 people on both sides . Many reports describe it as a rock in the middle of the water instead of the island. Only the tin houses and two centers of the Ugandan and Kenyan contingents are available.

The chapters of the conflict began in the 1990s when Uganda deployed its security forces on the island under the pretext of protecting fishermen from pirates and began to tax them before being accused of fishing in its territorial waters. In 2016, the two countries established a joint commission to confirm their maritime border, but have not reached a final agreement. The island is currently under their administration, repeating verbal skirmishes between them, without reaching a military confrontation.

E + + (AFP, media reports)

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