Analysis: Qayed al-Sibsi left Tunisia on a solid track .. But there are reasons for concern! | Politics and Economy -

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In the mid-1990s, I personally met Baji Kayed al-Sibsi. It was at the home of a mutual friend, Moulay Mustafa Al-Alawi, the Moroccan journalist, the director of the newspaper "The Week of Journalism." During this period, The former President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali and feared him, like many personalities removed by Ben Ali from the political scene or imposed a siege, because they only have the charisma or prospects to play a political role outside the circle of power that was distracted by the concerns of the security man .. Qayed al-Sibsi is a veteran politician who is an expert on policy Tunisia's internal and external relations since the beginning of its independence, the veteran Rafik Darban Bani, the modern state of Tunisia, the late President Habib Bourguiba.

As if history had been hiding for Baji Kayed Sibsi from that period in his political career, to have a decisive impact on his role in the future, specifically in one of the most momentous moments in the history of modern Tunisia .. After the revolution, the man will have a date with history .. Lawyer descended from the suburb Sidi Boussaid, who is characterized by rare political acumen and flexibility and political elegance inherited from what is known in Tunisia as "municipal" elites (the city or capital elites), which rarely ruled the palace of Carthage.

Al-Baji Qayed Al-Sibsi is a rare figure in Tunisia with the ability to embody the past and future of the Tunisian state after the revolution. In March 2012, when Al-Nahdha's Islamists and their liberal allies, led by former President Moncef Marzouki, were not yet awakened by the euphoria of their electoral victory in the first post-revolution ballot (October 2011), Qaid al-Sabsi revealed in an interview with The Arab politician has won the bet by winning as the first Tunisian president elected after the youth revolution, and he is now preparing to launch a new political project, And managed to turn the equation to a balance with the party of Renaissance and compatibility with Its leader, Rashid Ghannouchi, and reaches power in the palace of Carthage.

Qaid al-Sibsi died just a few months before his term ended, leaving a positive balance on the negative.

The observers were surprised by the smooth and rapid transfer of power a few hours after his death. The head of the parliament, Rafiq al-Nasser, assumed the post of interim president and declared an early date for the presidential elections. Leaving a country where free and fair elections are organized.

Second, thanks to his ability to lead dialogue between Islamists and secularists in 2013, he managed to defuse a crisis that would lead the country to an unknown confrontation or perhaps a development similar to the Egyptian scenario. After assuming the presidency, he maintained his hair with his partner in power, the Islamic Renaissance Party, and in turn, as a seasoned man of state and head of all Tunisians, was impervious to narrow political calculations, which helped to achieve relative progress in the democratic transition process.

Norwegen Friedensnobelpreis Tunesisches Quartett (Reuters / NTB scanpix / C. Poppe)

The policy of consensus among Tunisians was internationally recognized by the Nobel Prize awarded to the tripartite civil society: the Tunisian General Union of Labor, the Tunisian League for Human Rights and the Federation of Businessmen

Thirdly, many observers recognize that Qaid al-Sibsi, despite his constitutionally limited powers, has made clear and bold choices at a sensitive stage in the country's history. He has stood up to the blows of terrorism and has struggled to strengthen cooperation with European and international partners to provide economic support for emerging democracy, And in a neutral and intelligent manner, compatible with Tunisia's geostrategic size, cut the way for some local and regional parties that were waiting to drop the only exception from the countries of the "Arab Spring".

Fourthly, despite his policy of conciliation with the Ennahda Islamists, he maintained his liberal modernist approach to Bourguiba's approach by defending women's rights, his daring to bring about historic reform to achieve equality between women and men in inheritance, and a law allowing Muslim women to marry non-Muslims.

On the other hand, after the death of Baji Kayed Sibsi, Tunisia awakens to some worrying signs about the mysterious future of the country.

The first indicator: that he left Tunisia on Abub elections with surprises and under an electoral law may open the way for a new generation of political adventurers, populists and symbols of the old regime, in the absence of young people from politics and negative view of the parties and the political class.

The second indicator: that his tenure as well as the presidency of the first transitional government immediately after the revolution (2011), witnessed a remarkable return of symbols and networks of influence associated with the old system. And that it was not a strong support for the process of transitional justice, which was overseen by the Truth and Dignity Commission headed by prominent jurist Siham Ben Sedrine. Some consider this to be the result of Kaid al-Sibsi's portrayal of authoritarian rule as one of his main players.

√úbergangsregierung Tunesien (-)

A meeting between Mr. Moncef Al-Sulaimi and Baji Kayed Al-Sibsi in Cologne in March 2012

The third indicator: that his charismatic personality contributed to the leadership of a difficult transitional phase and the establishment of the Tunis Appeal Party, which brought about balance with the Ennahdah's Islamists, his last-minute yoke had a negative impact on the development of Tunisia's party. As the party fell into divisions after the ambitions of the president's son appeared to inherit the ruling from his father. This caused a public conflict between President Qaid al-Sibsi and his prime minister, Yusuf, the witness, which almost led to the collapse of the ruling coalition.

The fourth indicator: If it is calculated for President al-Sibsi that he voted for the rule of law and stopped against attempts to get out of the democratic process, it was not decisive in completing the construction of sensitive constitutional institutions, especially the Constitutional Court, and leaving democratic institutions vulnerable to vibrations within them due to the dominance of narrow political or partisan calculations The economy on social groups and large areas of the country, participated in the revolution in the hope of improving their situation.

The fifth indicator: Tunisia, a small country whose geography and emerging democracy has been praised by the international community, is not immune to the negative effects and risks of civil war in neighboring Libya, and the difficult political situation in neighboring Algeria. Some observers fear that some regional powers will try to sabotage the democratic transition in Tunisia.

Moncef Al-Sulaimi

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