Even in Poland .. The disclosure of homosexuality is met with violence | Politics and Economy -

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When the Polish writer Jacek Dingle was still in school, there was no official presence of representatives in his country, the author said in an interview with -. "A few years ago, I went back there and saw gay couples and everyone knew that," Denel said. The author, who was born in 1980, married his partner in London last year, a writer and translator Piotr Tarsinski.

In his hometown of Poland, gay marriage was not possible. But many things have improved in Poland today – for example, parliamentarians and mayors of gays and transgender people, Denel says.

At the local level, the hostility remains the same, "especially with the tendency of local politicians to declare more areas free of homosexuals, and in another historic era they declared some areas as Jewish-free, a scene so harsh that we, the powerful, , Which at the same time calls for gay women and men to publicize their homelands and support them everywhere.

Polen Festival Berge der Literatur | Jacek Dehnel (- / A. M. Pędziwol)

Polish author and painter, Jacek Dingle

During the weekend, Jacek Dindel, during a gay celebration in the Polish town of Piawistok, experienced the cruelty and cruelty of prejudice against people from the gay community. Participants in the ceremony were subjected to verbal abuse by nationalists and rioters. They were also spat and beaten with various things including rotten eggs, crackers, stones and even bottles filled with urine. "We saw how the rioters attacked the people about ten meters away, a tall man wearing a red mask covering his head and a full face, distributing kicks to people around him, including teenage girls," wrote Polish writer Jacek Dingle On his Facebook page. After the police managed to control the riots and chaos during the ceremony, Denel was able to speak at the opening ceremony of the gay ceremony. "I am not an official speaker, nor a gay activist, nor a great wise man. I am only a gay writer. Accidentally".

Right-wing politicians raise concerns

When talking about incidents of homophobia, right-wing politicians also have a part of the responsibility. "They use prejudices to intimidate them from alleged threats," said the head of the Center for Research on Prejudice at Warsaw University's Psychology Department, Michel Belvich. "In 2015, there was intimidation of immigrants, and in 2018 Jews and today of the gay community," he added.

"In Poland, the indicators of homophobia are higher than those in Western Europe and even in other Eastern European countries, with the exception of Russia and the Caucasus," says researcher Michal Belvich. Why? "75 percent of Poles say they do not know anyone from the gay community," he says. Especially in Podlachia, the area around Piauestuk, very few people are likely to have a connection with the gay community, because they do not speak openly about their sexual orientation for fear of negative consequences.

"If there is no direct contact, it is possible to check prejudices, such problems occur," explains Michel Belvich. "When politicians put an enemy: immigrants, Jews, and now homosexuals, the result is violence." "The best way to counter prejudices is to have a neighbor, a salesman or a teacher from this community, and then one notices that the person is no different from him," says the head of the Prejudice Research Center.

Liberalism or Catholicism?

Despite the change in power four years ago, with the victory of the Conservative Law and Justice party in the elections, Polish society has become generally more open. According to a recent poll, 56 per cent of Poles with registered civil marriages and 41 per cent Cent with gay marriage. "Ten years ago, the rate was still 16 per cent," Denell recalls.

Michal Bilewicz Leiter Zentrum Vorurteilsforschung Universität Warschau (- / A. M. Pedziwol)

President of the Research Center on Prejudice at the Department of Psychology at the University of Warsaw, Michel Belvich

"There have been two or three marches in Poland in the past, this year there will be 25 marches, including for the first time in Biowistock and Lublin, Where this was impossible a few years ago. "

More people today are expressing their sexual orientation, including many who are role models, especially for adolescents who are in conflict over their sexual identity. "This is especially important," Jacek Dingle said during his speech at the Biowistock ceremony. "Because gay teens are six times more likely to commit suicide than other teenagers of the same age, we know that it does not usually stop at the idea."

In his opinion, Poland is in a state of turmoil and the country can develop in two completely different directions: "There can be liberation, perhaps similar to what is in Catholic Malta, where after political change gay marriage has been allowed, but it can go towards sectarianism Catholic-style Islamic fundamentalism. "

Ogilios. M. Pittsfield / EM

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