Germany Does the new asylum law actually allow the deportation of more "rejected" persons? | Politics and Economy -

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The Bundestag and the Federal State Council issued a new package of laws on immigration and asylum earlier this month to facilitate the deportation of asylum seekers who are forced to leave the country. To what extent can these laws be applicable on the ground? The following are the main axes of these laws:

How many people are currently being deported from Germany?

According to the Federal Ministry of the Interior, a total of 23,617 rejected asylum seekers were deported in 2018. It seems a significant figure. But during the same period, some 31,000 deportations failed for various reasons. In most cases, because travel documents are not available. In other cases due to the disappearance of persons obliged to deport one day prior to the scheduled date of deportation. In fact, 240,000 people left Germany in 2018, most of whom left voluntarily.

How can I increase the number of migrations?

The new amendments will prevent rejected persons from seeking deportation. That's why they can be arrested more easily than before. But the courts can only broadcast in the arrest warrant. But so far there are 500 places reserved for people who are supposed to be deported at the German level.

But the new law allows authorities to use ordinary prisons to arrest rejected asylum-seekers. To ensure that this does not conflict with EU regulations, the law requires the isolation of asylum-seekers from criminals and ordinary prisoners. The terms of detention for deportation will be available if the 30-day departure date is exceeded. The detention may last up to 18 months. An asylum seeker who impedes or obstructs his deportation may be detained by violating the principle of "cooperation and contribution to the determination of the nationality of the asylum seeker, especially when the indications are strong for his deportation.

What is the deportation requirement?

The first conditions of deportation, the existence of refusal to seek asylum. After the court approves the deportation decision, the temporary residence permit expires and the rejected asylum seeker must leave the country within a certain period of time. If he exceeds them, he is obliged to leave the country by deportation. This also applies to persons convicted of crimes for at least three years during the procedure for studying their asylum application.

The other condition for deportation is the identification of the person and the presence of valid travel or replacement documents. Sometimes, however, some countries of origin consistently refuse to issue such documents and to return their citizens. As long as there is no change, the issue of increasing the number of deportations remains unrealistic.

When does the migration not take place?

In general, deportations are not carried out in countries of origin where the person obliged to deport is threatened with torture or death upon return. Patients are not transported mentally or physically. Asylum-seekers whose applications have been identified, who are enrolled in the training courses or who support themselves through work, are also excluded from deportation and receive the so-called "temporary residence" meaning that the decision to deport them is suspended.

In the case of a person who is obliged to deport the deportation decision by violence within the aircraft, the decision of his or her travel is due to the pilot. The pilots refuse to continue forcibly transporting these deportees so as not to undermine or endanger the confidence of other passengers. But the deportation decision is only postponed, not canceled. Because, even if migration can not be carried out, it does not, as in the past, establish the status of residence, for example in the form of a series of temporary permits. Nor is he entitled to family reunification, since the residence permit in Germany no longer exists in this case.

Udo Power / EM

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