Misuse of Islam or discussion of the class .. What hide the case of the son of Amkhitir? | Politics and Economy -

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The religious issue may be the most sensitive of all the cases brought before the Mauritanian judiciary for years. Is a case of Mauritanian media as a "shatem al-apostol", based on an opinion piece published by the end of 2013, led to the death sentence and accused him of treason from the primary and then appeal, before the Supreme Court intervened in 2017 and overturn the ruling, The sentence was commuted to two years' imprisonment after the charge was adapted to apostasy.

Despite the "repentance advised" to Mohamed Sheikh Ould Amkhitir, announced more than once, the last when he came out days ago statements to the channel Mauritanian official, following a decision by the Head of State to release him after a meeting with a group of religious scholars during this month, but "is still kidnapped In an unknown prison, and we do not know whether the confession that was broadcast was full or not, "in the words of his lawyer Mohamed Ould Amin in a statement to Arabic.

The issue of this young man raises a lot of questions about the nature of the article that provoked all this confusion. Is it about clear abuse or religious criticism, as well as about the religious debate in a country such as Mauritania that issues Reporters Without Borders' report on freedom of expression in the Arab region in 2016? All this popular pressure to execute a young man, especially that there is a link to this pressure belonging to the son of Amkhitir to the category of "teachers" who have long talked about being marginalized in the country.

Why all this tension around the article?

The article carries the title "Religion, Religion and Teachers" and published in the beginning Facebook before publishing later in other sites. The author based on what he considered the facts that occurred at the beginning of Islam to conclude that the "era of religion" (offset in the article of the age of religiosity) witnessed a kind of preference among people, including that "brotherhood and the relationship of blood and closeness grant the right of mercy to the Quraish in the conquest and deprive the sons of Qurayza Of that right ". The author tries to refer these examples to the reality of the category of "teachers" in the country and what they suffer in exchange for the favor of the category of eggs (ie, eggs).

International condemnation of the arrest has been repeated and several human rights organizations have campaigned for his release, including the United Nations' assertion that detention is arbitrary and violates international law. Amnesty International also considered Amchitir's son "imprisoned for his courageous determination to defend the victims of slavery and discrimination"He said.

In the opinion of the Mauritanian human rights activist, Amna Mint Mukhtar, that the majority of those who attacked Ould Amkhitir did not read his article on the analysis of social classes, but they rely on the idea that whoever ruled the law by his death must be executed, She was a victim of a fatwa accusing her of infidelity and calling her head, because she was the first to stand by the blogger after his arrest.

However, many writers in Mauritania see that the blogger "actually abused" in his article to the Messenger of Islam, especially when he talked about historical facts many Islamic scholars say that the sources that document them are weak and can not be confirmed that they actually occurred, The detainee is held outside the law for a period of one year and eight months, on the pretext of protecting him from those who want to "apply sharia in their hands".

Continued incitement to his execution

As the arrest of Ould Amkhitir has been widely criticized by jurists, the decision to abolish the death sentence has led to a major attack by clerics, including a statement by several of them, which has been republished over the last two years, accusing the author of selling his religion. The statement speaks of what he called "the existence of a consensus among Muslim scholars" on "the killing of the Prophet (PBUH) and the displacement of his successor, although repented and good Islam." The statement requested that the decision on the legal rulings be returned to the scholars and not to any other party.

Not only the clergy, have marched marches major pressure on the Mauritanian judiciary to execute the young man, for example, what happened during the presentation of the case to the Supreme Court, when thousands went out in several Mauritanian cities raise slogans demanding retribution and refuses to repent the blogger, As "execution of the abuser"He said.

In many of its laws, Mauritania relies on Islamic law. Article 306 of the Mauritanian Penal Code provides for the killing of "apostates". The article allowed those who "repent" to save themselves from execution, but amendments recently passed by the government no longer allow this.

Activist Mint al-Mukhtar, who was previously nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize, says the PA supported the campaign against Ould Amkhitir, exploited it to achieve political goals and mobilized popular support at some point, especially as she was aware of the sensitivity of Islam in Mauritania. This is reflected in the amendment to article 306.

In the case of Ould Mkhtayr, it was argued that the demands for his execution were not confined to the Mauritanian clerics or street, but were also raised by political parties, such as the New Thought Party, the National Development Party and the Patriotic Party. He was also asked by lawyers and some who are classified in the circle of intellectuals.

Revenge of class criticism?

Amichit's son belongs to the "teachers" class, which often trains traditional crafts in the country. For decades, this category has continued to underscore its suffering from the marginalization of the state in regulating the traditional industry. They also suffer from societal marginalization as they are perceived as being less informed and often discriminate on the basis of their skin. There are also those who build discrimination against this category based on descent and on historical data dating back to a time when slavery was widespread in the region.

"The origin of the campaign against Ould Amkhitir is due to its decline from the class of traditional manufacturers, who are ostracized by everyone, even if they are from another social group. "Mintz Al-Mukhtar says that" young people from the upper classes of the society wrote more dangerous than what was written by Amkhitir, No one spoke of them"He said.

Author: Ismail Azzam

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