Morocco bumps into becoming a rising economic power Politics and Economy -

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"Taza instead of Gaza "is one of the first slogans raised when King Mohammed VI ascended the throne, which reflected from the beginning his desire to give priority to internal development (Taza, a Moroccan city on the sidelines), while" Gaza "for international diplomacy, The second was a great importance, and a series of "mega-structured structures" was launched, covering most sectors.

Over the past two decades, Morocco has doubled its total output from $ 41.6 billion in 1999 to $ 121.4 billion in 2019, making it the fifth economic power in Africa. It has also become one of the most attractive countries to invest in the continent.

But the dilemmas of social fragility and the spread of corruption may delay his dream of becoming an emerging economic power in the next few years, Yunis Balafallah, a professor of international relations and political economy, . "The inventory of the economic outcome of the last 20 years has positive achievements and aspects, but also failures and negative aspects," said the expert, a professor at the French University of Lille.

Awras changed the face of Morocco but!

Perhaps the most prominent property projects in Morocco are the "Tangier Mediterranean Port" launched in February 2003 at the entrance to the Strait of Gibraltar. The project put Morocco among the leading countries in maritime transport, making it the largest port of Africa in terms of the number of containers and the first in the Mediterranean in terms of capacity.

The first high-speed train on the continent and the Arab world (Al Buraq), linking Tangier and Casablanca, was also launched. The world's largest solar power plant was launched near the city of Ouarzazate, a large highway network linking 70 percent of Moroccan cities, as well as modern tramways in Casablanca and Rabat.

At the industrial level, Morocco has become an international hub for the automotive industry and aircraft spare parts. Authorities hope to produce a million cars a year, and the country has already overtaken South Africa to become the continent's first automaker. Morocco also hopes to raise its exports in this sector to $ 10 billion by 2022.

It should be noted that the qualitative boom witnessed by a traditional supplier of hard currency is related to fertilizer and phosphate industries in general, with exports reaching about $ 4.5 billion. The glamor and magnitude of these projects, however, is nothing but discontent and devastation of large sections of Moroccans who see that they do not benefit from this economic boom.

"Where is wealth? "A question posed by the summit as the norm

Many Moroccans wonder about the returns and benefits of these projects to their daily lives, given the widespread unemployment among young people and the low wages of workers. The IMF's annual report for the year 2019 on the Moroccan economy sounded the alarm, stressing the need to "move towards a more accommodative development model for citizens based on the private sector, while reducing social inequalities and protecting the most vulnerable."

In a speech in 2014, the Moroccan monarch called for a moment of reflection on the impact of major projects on citizens' lives. "If Morocco has known a tangible development, the reality is that this wealth does not benefit all citizens," he said. These projects undoubtedly contributed to the development of infrastructure and the introduction of foreign investment, but many are wondering options and priorities, instead of a high-speed train was not to invest in building schools and hospitals?

In this context, Balafallah stresses that "the most prominent failures during the past two decades are of social concern in terms of unemployment rates, poverty, marginalization, destitution and structural differences between the city and the desert, center and margins, between men and women, etc."

He also pointed to a fundamental difference between the first and second decimal places of Muhammad VI, considering the 2011 constitution a detailed date. "The economic results were positive before that date, where the presence of the king and his monitoring of economic projects was greater," said Professor of International Relations and Political Economy.

"Corruption is one of the most important reasons why a citizen does not benefit from development," Belafallah said. "Corruption has turned into a management style and Morocco ranks late in international transparency indicators." The prospect of becoming a rising economic power can not be achieved in the absence of a similar boom in social sectors such as health and education.

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