Political vibration in Morocco after the adoption of Parliament France Education News -

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With the approval of 241 deputies and the opposition of four deputies and 21 abstentions, the Moroccan parliament on Monday evening (23 July 2019) approved the strengthening of the French language in schools. Most members of the Justice and Development Party (AKP), a ruling coalition partner dominated by Islamists and deputies of the conservative Istiqlal party, abstained from voting on articles stipulating the use of French in teaching. The text will enter into force after a second reading in the House of Counselors and published in the Official Gazette.

The two official languages ​​in Morocco are Arabic and Amazigh. Most people speak Arabic-Moroccan dialect, a mixture of Arabic and Amazigh, interspersed with words from French and Spanish.

However, French predominates in business, government departments and higher education, giving those who can afford the French private education a major advantage over most of the country's students.

Of every three people, two do not complete their education at public universities in Morocco because they do not speak French, according to figures from the Ministry of Education.

In order to limit the fact that many students did not complete their university studies and provide people with language requirements for employment, the Government proposed to re-establish French as a language for teaching science, mathematics and technical subjects.

These materials are taught in Arabic to high school in secession from higher education, which is dominated by the French language.

The adoption of the draft law angered the advocates of Arabization, including the former Secretary-General of the Justice and Development Party, Abdel-Ilah Ben Kieran, who described the reintroduction of the language of the former colonial power as a betrayal of "party principles".

Two deputies from a coalition of left-wing parties, Omar Blafrij and Mustapha el-Shennawi, voted against the bill after rejecting their amendments to a wealth tax and a progressive inheritance tax to finance education reform.

Morocco raised the education budget by 5.4 billion dirhams ($ 561 million) in 2019 to 68 billion dirhams ($ 7 billion) in an effort to boost access to education and improve infrastructure, especially in remote areas.

WB / HZ (Reuters)

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