Study: Increasing violence due to religious affiliation Culture and Society -

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The number of countries where certain religious groups are subjected to repression and social hostility is increasing, according to a recent Pew Research Center study (Pew Research Center), Which examines laws and practices related to dealing with religions in 198 countries around the world.
The number of countries where people are subjected to violence because of their religious beliefs has increased from 39 to 56 between 2007 and 2017.
In Germany, attacks of a religious nature are also included in everyday life. According to the report on the protection of the Constitution in 2018, 453 crimes of "religious-ideological motivation" were recorded last year. However, these figures are declining. In 2017, 907 crimes were recorded with the same motive.

Danger within refugee shelters
Asylum-seekers' shelters are also among the places where there is violence and religious abuse in Germany. "Violence within refugee shelters is much more severe," says Dietmar Steiner of the Association for Secular Refugees. Steiner said one of the cases in which they support her within the association is one of the asylum seekers from Mauritania, whose country issued a fatwa against him because of a publication on his Facebook page. "How does God allow the killing of all this number of Muslims?" He commented in the publication on the train accident in Cairo.
In 2007, according to a Pew Research Center study Entitled "A Closer Look at the Extent of Religious Restrictions Around the World," these attacks of a religious nature were confined to four European countries. In 2017, 15 countries in Europe experienced attacks of this kind.

Bonn: Tag der Kippa - Yitzhak Yohanan Melamed (picture-alliance / dpa / F. Gambarini)

The majority of German Jews fear the rise of anti-Semitism due to hostile attitudes among refugees

Increasing anti-Semitism

Victims of religious attacks are not only those who classify themselves as atheists, but also from various religions, including Muslims, Christians and Jews. "For years, Jews have been complaining about their worsening situation in Germany, but now most see the situation as increasingly deteriorating," said Mauritanian founder Florian Ischuier. Aishwer refers to a study conducted by the University of Bielefeld in April 2017 on "Jewish Views on Antisemitism in Germany". According to the findings of this study, 70 per cent of the Jews surveyed were concerned about the high rate of anti-Semitism due to hostile attitudes among refugees. At the same time, 84 per cent believe that anti-Semitism in Germany remains a non-refugee problem.

Suppression of governments

At the official level, prohibitions and restrictions have been exacerbated by legal and bureaucratic obstacles to specific religious groups. According to the Pew Center, the number of countries that imposed such restrictions has increased from 40 to 52 countries between 2007 and 2017. China, Russia, Indonesia and Saudi Arabia have joined the list. In particular, the repression of governments by religious communities in the Middle East and North Africa has increased by 72 per cent. With the exception of Lebanon, according to the Pew Research Center, all 20 countries in the region favor a particular religion. In 17 of these, Islam is the official religion of the state.

Indonesien Protest gegen Gewalt an Rohingya Angehörigen in Myanmar Minderheiten Säuberung Vertreibung Gewalt Religion Asien Indonesien Protest gegen Gewalt an Rohingya Angehörigen in Myanmar (Getty Images / AFP / B. Ismoto)

Demonstrations in Indonesia against violence and attacks on the Rohingya

Religious affiliation

Not religious affiliation imposed by the state, accompanied by more doubts about religions and clergy, as revealed by a study conducted by the Arab Barometer Network of Princeton University on the increasing trends of secularization in the Arab world.
The poll, conducted in June this year, is commissioned by the BBC (BBC) To the views of more than 25 thousand people from 11 Arab countries. With the exception of Yemen, the proportion of the population who define themselves as "non-religious" has risen in all the countries concerned between 2013 and 2018. The largest development was in Tunisia, where one-third of the population described themselves as "non-religious" in 2018. In 2013, the proportion was still 10 per cent. In Morocco, the proportion rose from four to ten per cent, in Libya from 10 to 25 per cent and in Algeria from seven to twelve per cent. In contrast, this trend is hardly noticeable in Iraq, Jordan and the Palestinian territories.
This may also explain a positive trend from the Pew Research Center study: Between 2007 and 2017, "tensions and attacks among religious groups" have fallen around the world. In 2017 tensions between different religious groups were registered in 57 countries, down from 34 in 2007.

Astrid Brange / EM

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