The failed coup attempt .. "God's gift" to Erdogan! | Politics and Economy -

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On the night of the coup d'état on July 15, 2016, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and his family were on holiday in Marmara Island. When the news of the coup arrived, he reacted very quickly: the social networking site of Visemet opened a direct link with CNN's Turk television network. Erdogan called for an urgent call for citizens to take to the streets and to block the coup..

Until then, the Turks had had three coups, but had never before heard such a call to stand up to the coup d'état. Former presidents who were in the throes of the coup surrendered power very quietly to the coup and leave. Erdogan's appeal showed great influence. People came out amid a roar of fighter jets to the streets and cut off the road to the coup tanks. That night some 300 citizens and citizens lost their lives in the defense of democracy. At night, Turkey breathed a sigh of relief.

At the time of the coup, Erdogan was very nervous. He was gripped by a wave of fear as he flew from Marmara Island to Istanbul. He said he had asked the pilot and his aides: "Tell me honestly, with whom you stand." When he landed, Erdogan had two options: either to turn the moments of defending democracy against the coupers into a national art project, and to seize the opportunity to lay the groundwork for building a system. Individually.

Erdogan responds with a counter-coup

Erdogan chose the second option: Arriving at Istanbul airport that night, Erdogan described the coup attempt as a "gift of God" to him and explained, "It is time to cleanse our army." "Cleansing" a word came out of the mouth of the Turkish President after three hours of thwarting the coup attempt, and painted the whole of Turkey pigmented, for three consecutive years. The "cleansing" was not limited to followers of the movement of the cleric Gulen within the army, but extended to all opponents of Erdogan.

Türkei Can Dündar Journalist (picture-alliance / dpa / A. Dedert)

Former editor-in-chief of Gomhurit newspaper Jean Dondar lives in exile in Germany

After a seven-hour cabinet meeting on July 20, five days after the failed coup attempt, Erdogan began his counter-coup. In order to "remove all risks," the state of emergency was declared nationwide for three months.

The declaration of a state of emergency was only the first step on the path to replacing the old regime with another regime. Erdogan limited the powers of the parliament and the government and even the judiciary in his hand, the establishment of a new system characterized by the inventory of power in the hands of one man. The operation was, in his words, a "liberation war". Anyone who takes a stand against Erdogan is an enemy of the regime. The "cleansing" process began with 30 decrees.

In the midst of the "cleansing" campaign, some 125,000 employees, policemen, teachers, judges, jurists and academics were dismissed from their jobs. About 500,000 people (about half a million people) have been tried, and some 1,500 associations and NGOs have been closed. Opposition newspapers were also censored and closed. The mouths of journalists were silenced. Thanks to the "gift of God", as Erdogan described the coup attempt, the Turkish president cut his way to totalitarian power.

Türkei Verhaftung mutmaßliche Gülen-Anhänger (picture-alliance / dpa / Depo)

Thousands of employees from the state apparatus have become victims of Erdogan's "cleansing"

Scene "strong man"

Of course, a three-month state of emergency would not be enough to implement the Erdogan project, so the state of emergency has been extended seven times in a row. When his power collided with the limits of emergency laws, Arudgan quickly expanded his powers. Erdogan believed that the prevailing fear in the society as a result of his actions would be enough to vote for the presidential system he wished in the referendum that was scheduled in the spring of 2017, the fear was Erdogan's belief in the basic guarantee to vote for a totalitarian regime in the hands of a strong man.

But his parliamentary power through his AK Party was not enough to implement his ambitious project, so Erdogan took a fateful decision: he formed an alliance with an extreme right-wing party from the far right of the country's nationalist movement, The new coalition was dissolved on April 16, 2017 by the abolition of the existing parliamentary system in Turkey nearly 100 years ago and the establishment of a presidential system in the Turkish constitution.In June 2018 Erdogan won the first presidential election according to the new system.

Emergency is a normal situation

Erdogan was no longer in need of an emergency. In Turkey it has become a normal situation. All of these events seem at first sight to be a success story prepared by Erdogan in all its details. But this story is not over yet!

The policy of polarization exercised by the Justice and Development Party (AKP) in alliance with the MHM led, on the other hand, to the formation of a democratic front against President Erdogan. In addition, Turkey is in a very critical economic crisis. The reason for this is the destruction of the mechanisms of organization in parliament, the government and the judiciary. Which has contributed significantly to economic mismanagement and the emergence of corruption.

All the maneuvers of Turkish President Erdogan remained stuck in the dissolution of power. The bureaucracy, which, under the presidential system, is entirely linked to the presidential palace, has ceased to function. At the same time increased the concern of citizens.

Erdogan failed to replace the entire staff who had been expelled in the midst of the purge campaign. Nor did the police surveillance, the appointment of his son-in-law as minister of finance, nor his campaigns and mobilization against America, against the Christians, against the followers of the cleric Gulen, nor against the Kurds,.

In the spring of this year, Erdogan lost important municipal elections. Erdogan was forced to acknowledge his party's loss in major cities such as Ankara and Istanbul, cities that had been his fortresses for a quarter of a century. At a time when opposition forces are united, Erdogan's party is witnessing signs of great division. On the third anniversary of the July 15 coup, the Turkish president does not hear the chants of victory.

Jean Dondar

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