The new Turkish decisions against the Syrians .. The end of the years of honey! | Politics and Economy -

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Last Saturday (July 13, 2019), may someday date him as a key turning point when dealing with the issue of Syrian refugees in Turkey. Interior Minister Suleiman Suwailo and senior officials met with Syrian and Arab journalists in Istanbul. The Turkish minister stressed that his country "has prepared an implementation plan that includes three files: illegal immigration, regular migration and temporary protection status," according to news quoted by the official Anatolia agency.

Ibrahim al-Olabi, a journalist working for the Arabic version of the Daily Sabah newspaper, close to the ruling Justice and Development Party, was present at the meeting and provided further clarification on his account on Facebook: "Organizing the migration file means full application of the laws to the Syrians as merchants, And carrying them to the identification papers and work permits for the workers. " Regarding the residence, the Syrian journalist stated that those who do not hold regular residence in Istanbul have an "exhibition" for deportation to their country and those who hold "temporary protection" (Kimmelk) from another state will be returned to it. Al-Olabi also quoted the Turkish minister as stressing the strict implementation of the law against perpetrators of crimes related to smuggling, forgery and others.

Last Friday, Syrian newspapers and activists reported that Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan would "stop free medical services to the Syrians." The head of Turkey's office at the Heinrich Paul Foundation, close to the German Green Party, Christian Brackel, finds in an interview with "Mahajer News" that the most dangerous among the decisions is about medical care.

Between the hammer of the opposition and the government

The timing of Turkish decisions is linked, according to the university professor and specialist in Turkish and regional issues, d. In a direct reference to the defeat of the candidate of the Justice and Development Party in the municipal elections in Istanbul, speaking with the "immigrant news" about the movement of Syrian refugees from the border areas with Syria and their orientation to the Turkish depth and their concentration in cities such as Istanbul and Adana, Ankara and Mersin and the Aegean region of Izmir And others.

Christian Präckel, who is also an associate of the German Association for Foreign Policy, says: "Dissatisfaction with the Syrians is one of the causes of AKP losses in major cities," believing that the AKP government is trying to return voters to its "account" of the Syrians .

Turkey hosts more than 3.6 million Syrians and the province of Istanbul alone has more than half a million Syrians, according to the Turkish Interior Ministry.

Erdogan's political opponents have criticized allowing so many Syrian refugees to enter. "The Turks are suffering from the influx of Syrians into the country," Akram Emamoglu, Istanbul's mayor, said, "We will try to find the basis for the return of Syrian immigrants to their homes. Otherwise we will have some security concerns that will upset us all and there will be clashes in the streets." Akram Emamoglu also expressed dissatisfaction with the number of signs written in Arabic in some neighborhoods. "Here is Turkey, here is Istanbul!"

The ruling party sought to redress the issue by focusing more and more on highlighting the numbers of Syrians who say they have returned to areas in northern Syria now controlled by Turkish forces and Syrian oppositionists allied with them. "We are trying to expand the safe area along our borders as much as possible so that the Syrian refugees in our country can return to their country, now 330 thousand returned, but I think that when the problems are solved in Manbj and East Euphrates, the number will quickly reach one million."

Economy and mood

The economic recession and high inflation, which hit 30 percent last year and an additional 10 percent this year, fueled rising anger among Syrians, many of whom see the Turks as cheap workers who take over jobs and benefit from public services.

Some Turks were also moved by violent attacks on Syrian shops and properties, such as those that took place about a week ago in Istanbul's Kuchuk-Chikmega district. It all began with a rumor that the authorities denied that a Syrian boy was saying abusive words to a Turkish girl. Police used teargas and water cannons to disperse the attackers, but they had already destroyed many Syrian shops in the neighborhood and tore off signs written in Arabic.

Syrian refugee Ahmed, a vegetable and fruit salesman in the Kuchuk Chikmeghe district, fears the situation will worsen. "This time they used the stones, but who knows if they will one day get the weapon in my face?" He said.

From time to time, there are reports of legal and social abuses by some Syrian youth in Turkey, and this is reflected directly in the social networking pages. The Syrian-based SuriyelilerDefoluyor # (to get the Syrians out of here) exports social networking sites in Turkey. On the other hand, Hachtagat came out defending the Syrians, such as KardeşimeDokunma, and another suriyelileryalnızdeğildir (Syrians are not alone). One of the detractors compared hostile tweets to what the German "Nazis" were doing against Turkish immigrants in Germany.

After the bout of violence, a decision was issued by the Istanbul Municipality that shops must have at least 75 percent of the banners in Turkish and not in Arabic in full.

New wave of asylum towards Europe?

Bouts of violence are often widespread and rare except one other major attack occurred this year in western Istanbul as well in February. But the Syrians are trading small facts on social networking sites and some fear rising tensions, especially in the light of what studies and opinion polls reveal.

According to a study published by Istanbul's Kader Haas University in early July, the percentage of Turks unhappy with Syrian presence rose from 54.5 percent in 2017 to 67.7 percent in 2019.

A few days ago, the German magazine Der Spiegel reported that a study of another Turkish university dating back to 2017 revealed that 86 percent of Turks wanted the Syrians to leave their country.

The psychological situation of the Syrians in Turkey has been reflected in the social media: concern and victimization of uncertainty and endless questions, thinking of packing bags and leaving again. After the issuance of the new decisions, the writer and sinister Hafez Qarqout, who lives in Sweden, said on his Facebook page the difficulties of arriving from Gaziantep, where he was staying, to Istanbul to meet officials of the Swedish Embassy. . "At the airport, Turkish security stopped all Syrians in the same passenger lounge. They made each of us carry his passport or paper and put it down his chin to pick up a picture of him that is like dealing with the accused, regardless of our age," he said. That situation ". "I will leave this beautiful country at any price," he says, recalling what he expected at the time. "I'm afraid it's the worst."

The head of Turkey's office at the Heinrich Paul Foundation, close to the German Green Party, Christian Brackel, does not believe that the new government decisions will lead to a major wave of asylum to Europe, like the one witnessed by the old continent in 2015, justifying the closure of the Balkan route. However, he noted that the difficult economic situation may increase pressure over the medium term.

Khaled Salama – Mahajer News

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