The political agreement in Sudan is a step forward but for whom? | Politics and Economy -

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Finally, the document of the political agreement that defines the framework of the institutions of governance in Sudan was signed between the military junta and the protest leaders. A document that was a key demand for Sudanese protesters, while the Sudanese street is expected to issue a "constitutional declaration" on Friday.

The move is supposed to ease the crisis that has plunged Sudan into a political deadlock for months of protests following the fall of Omar al-Bashir, who ruled Sudan with an iron fist for 30 years. But the views on the document vary between those who see a reasonable basis for building the transition phase, and those who question it and the intentions of the military. Where is Sudan heading after this step?

Fear of the Libyan scenario

The agreement between the military junta and the forces of the Declaration of Freedom and Change was reached on July 5 and was sponsored by the African Union and Ethiopian mediators after intensive and difficult negotiations between the parties to the conflict. The military council appeared enthusiastic about the move to sign the agreement, which was described by Vice President Muhammad Hamdan Duklo "Hamidi", widely believed to be the first man in the Council, the "historic moment" of Sudan.

Sudan Khartoum | Friedensgespräche (picture-alliance / AA / M. Hjaj)

To what extent can be trusted in the intentions of the military after witnessing the Sudanese arena?

"It is a step forward but it remains below the aspirations of the street, although it does not satisfy the military's ambitions," said Montasser Ahmed Mahmoud, a Sudanese opposition activist and member of the professional gathering. The Sudanese activist in contact with Arab "that all is forced on this agreement to maintain the stability of Sudan and not dragged into the midst of armed conflict."

Othman Mirghani, editor-in-chief of the Sudanese daily Al-Tiyad, said that all parties find this agreement better than the current situation, including the regional powers. "Nobody wants a new Libyan scenario, and everyone is trying to avoid the worst," he says. Arabic.

Opponents believe that the new agreement is a major concession from the protest forces and a retreat on gains contained in a broader agreement that was supposed to be signed on the third of last month Instead, the tension reached its peak that day after men in military uniform stormed the sit-in of protesters in Khartoum, violently protesting and killing dozens of them,.

Differences within the opposition

The Sudanese activist Montasser Ahmed Mahmoud said that the forces of the Declaration of Freedom and Change may meet with some discontent sometimes from the street to make these concessions, which despite everything not estimated by the Military Council, he wants full power.

But not all opposition factions are prepared to compromise, even if the aim is to move stagnant water and get out of the current state of tension. There are initial differences between the protest forces themselves, and this is one of the obstacles that may face the political agreement. "For example, the Communist Party issued a statement rejecting the agreement, And even rejects the rebels to put their hands in the hands of the military and insist on conditions that could make agreement with the military council impossible. "

Sudan Demonstration in Khartoum (Getty Images / AFP / A. Shazly)

Despite the violent crackdown on the sit-in and the killing of dozens, the Sudanese continued to demonstrate to demand a civil state

The figure of Hamiditi itself is controversial. The man, who is the number one in the council, is involved in war crimes and genocide in Darfur and his rapid support forces, accused of involvement in the dismantling of the sit-in, which has been universally condemned. How can a partnership with a person be trusted in this context? "The presence of Hamidati is a reality, he is a strong man with forces on the ground, and the majority in the opposition sees the need to go through this stage without looking at a person in its own right because we have two options: After that, or stay in the current stalemate"He said.

Roles of other players

With the current agreement, Sudan will step closer to civilian rule after 30 years of military rule, but the sovereignty of the civilian population and the military is a major point of contention, in addition to the proportion of the Legislative Council, which is evident in the political agreement. Article 13 of the agreement emphasizes the adherence of the forces of the Declaration of Freedom and Change by 67% of the membership of the Legislative Council and 33% of the other forces that are not signatories to the Declaration of Freedom and Change, and immediately followed Article 14, which says that "the Transitional Military Council Confirms his position to review the membership of the Legislative Council"He said.

This inconsistency made some opposition voices question whether this was a political agreement or rather a mere political declaration. As well as the extent to which the two parties could succeed in reaching a constitutional declaration by Friday as these differences persist.

Mirghani says that the articles are not a contradiction, but an "agreement on difference". The Sudanese journalist added that each party recorded its position in the agreement that the negotiations over the next three months on the issue of the proportion of the membership of the Legislative Council. The Constitutional Declaration will be issued on Friday without including the issue of the Legislative Council".

Conflicting the interests of the parties involved in the Sudanese scene is even more complex. Activists and opponents have long expressed concern that foreign interference and the remnants of the former regime would abort democratic transformation in Sudan. Montasser Ahmed Mahmoud says it is clear that there are hidden clues to the regime that apply to the joints of the state and lead the country towards violence. He adds that the international axes want the stability of Sudan at any cost, even if the loss of the civil state and the lives of people if this will ensure the stability of these parties.

Arrows are cursed

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