Where is the integration of refugees into the German labor market? | Culture and Society -

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"It's amazing," German expert Herbert Bruker describes the proportion of refugees living in Germany who have professional experience.

"Twenty-five percent of the refugees have university degrees or vocational qualifications, yet 74 percent of the men and 37 percent of the women have professional experience, averaging 10 years, which is amazing," he said in a lengthy interview with the Tagus Spiegel newspaper. .

He is the director of the Berlin Institute for Migration and Integration Studies and runs the Immigration, Integration and International Labor Market Research Department at the Labor Market Research and Employment Institute.

"The amazing thing is not only the amount of experience, but the quality of professional experience," he says, noting that the type of occupations practiced by refugees is very similar to that of German employers.

More than a third of refugees work
Two-thirds of the refugees, according to Bruker, have professional experience and 20% of them are professional experts. This is equivalent to the percentage of university graduates and vocational rehabilitation experts in Germany, according to the expert, who believes that this is "very much in line with the structure of the German labor market."

As of last April, 36 percent of the refugees who had come to Germany since 2015 were paid, 80 percent of them paid social insurance contributions, the official at the Labor Market Research and Employment Institute said.

The Federal Labor Agency in Germany has shown in the outcome of last year that by the end of 2018, the number of refugees working in Germany 370 thousand refugees. The director of the agency Detlev Sheila predicted that between 60 and 70 thousand refugees will get work this year.

He stressed that the integration of refugees in the labor market will go better than it was during the past years, and attributed to the mastery of language that takes root over the years.

The head of immigration, integration and labor market research at the Labor Market Research and Employment Institute, Herbert Bruker, estimates that by October of this year, the proportion of refugees working in Germany will reach 40%. "In general, the integration of refugees into the labor market is now slightly faster From previous generations of refugees. "

Pros and Cons
Bruker believes that refugees have many other social and psychological characteristics to succeed in the labor market, including "self-confidence, openness, conscience, social communication and the desire to cooperate."

But he points out that one of the other characteristics required to succeed in the labor market is not available to refugees, namely, willingness to take risks, indicating that this may be related to the risks they experienced on the path of asylum. "Who faces real risks, Himself again. "

The integration of refugees into the labor market often depends on their level of education. According to the expert, according to the expert, the percentage of educated refugees on average is higher than that of the educated in their countries of origin. "The proportion of academics is twice as high as (academic) in their countries of origin."

As for school education, there are different figures. "While 40 per cent went to high school, 25 per cent went to primary school only or did not attend any school at all," he said, noting that 15 per cent of the refugees were illiterate.

Deutschland Symbolbild ausländische Fachkräfte (picture-alliance / dpa / S. Hoppe)

As of last April, 36% of the refugees who had come to Germany since 2015 were paid, of which 80% paid social insurance contributions.

"Democratic Perceptions but Neglect of Women"
As for the values ​​of German society, Bruker believes that "most refugees have strong democratic perceptions and respect the rights of minorities to a large extent."

"The values ​​of gender equality are more advanced than often assumed, even in the abstract sense. For them, the girl must be educated like a son, and many of them are in favor of women working."

But the German expert also reveals the other side, saying: "Family values ​​are very conservative where abortion and divorce are rejected, as homosexuality is rejected."

Bruker makes no secret of the fact that refugee women suffer from neglect in many respects, and that they are less likely to attend integration courses and are less likely to work.

But one of the reasons why refugee women do not work, according to Bruker, is the large number of young children. "Refugee women usually have two or three children and are often young, which negatively affects employment. They have young children, but the impact on refugee women is greater. "

"Without migration, the unemployment support system will not only be affected by the system of pension support and health insurance, which will increase its costs as we get older," he said.

Brocker warns that the lack of migration will lead to conflicts over the distribution of wealth, not only among different generations, but among rich and rich in younger generations as well.

Immigrant News

Mohieddin Hussein

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