Will the politicians of the populist national right change the existing international order? | Politics and Economy -

Top News

The club of international officials with speeches often characterized by populist and anti-existing rhetoric continues to expand, affecting international relations and damaging multilateralism and cooperation. A number of observers say the "populist wave" sweeping democratic states registered their first spectacular victory with the "yes" option in the British Parliament in June 2016, even before the victory of Republican billionaire Donald Trump, led by the White House the following year.

Against this backdrop, it seems that the British Conservatives' choice of Brycest's hero Boris Johnson as prime minister of the United Kingdom appears to have been seen in earlier times as the rise of the far right in Brazil, represented by Javier Paulsonaro, or in Italy through Matteo Salvini.

"Officials around half of the G-20 countries are in total pro-Tramb," said Erania's director of consulting Erania Bremer. He adds that "a number of them came to power after him."

It is mentioned in Britain, Brazil, Italy and Australia under Scott Morrison. He also refers to leaders who have been in power for some time (such as Indian Prime Minister Narenda Moody, Argentine Mauricio Macri and Turkish Recep Tayyip Erdogan), as well as other leaders such as Russian President Vladimir Putin and Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman. Nor should we forget Victor Urban in Hungary and some of his allied Eastern European leaders.

But Johnson remains somewhat different. Despite his rapprochement with Trump, he may soon find himself "uncomfortable" in this "non-liberal club," according to Thomas Wright of the Brookings Institution in Washington. Wright told AFP that Britain's new prime minister is "populist and radical about Breakest" certainly, but not so on other issues.

Contradicting national interests with international issues

He points to issues such as "climate change and Iran" or "international multilateralism." He says Johnson is "more moderate" in this regard and may quickly find himself in an awkward position with the US president, who is supposed to be his main ally. The multiple contexts and different personalities among these officials do not eliminate many similarities.

"They are populist, and they are clearly part of one broader phenomenon," says Luigi Scazieri of the European Reform Center in London. "In the United States, the United Kingdom, or in Italy, voters choose politicians with anti-immigrant sentiment and a nationalist tone in one way or another, as well as the traditional elites embodied by technocrats and experts."

This phenomenon finds its roots in the exacerbation of inequality amid a feeling of retreat that transcends popular classes to reach the middle classes. All this is coupled with the use of "incredibly effective" means of social communication that Yan Bremer sees as "Paulsonaro, Salfini, Trump and Johnson are their real creatures." These factors, he says, explain the "structural" rise of populism. "At the same time, he says, this wave is far from rampant.

The emergence of these new actors has "profound consequences for world affairs," according to Luigi Scaquieri, which "reprimands the image of international institutions accused of undermining national interests and sovereignty," according to the far-right populist rhetoric.

America First …

It seems possible to use Donald Trump's slogan "America First" to become Brazil First, Italy First, Britain First …

The multilateral approach to international action is the first victim, and his achievements since 1945 are subject to stigmas from the US president and a number of his peers. Agreements, texts and institutions governing the international regime are constantly under attack from the Paris Climate Agreement to the nuclear agreement signed with Iran.

Kongress junger Rechtspopulisten (- / K.-A. Scholz)

International conference of youth of the extreme populist right in Rome, 2019

Great similarity and greater difference

But it remains difficult to speak of an "alliance" of "nationalist", "populist" or "anti-existing" officials. They certainly represent a group separately, but they are heterogeneous and non-uniform. An example of this is the impossibility of forming a joint parliamentary group following the recent European elections, because economic issues or relations with Russia, for example, are divided into parties from the far right of the political scene.

"They have different flags, as well as different national interests," says Jan Bremer. "It is easy to stand up to globalization and existing international structures or to the principle of free trade, but it does not bring them together, but rather calls them to tighten national borders and increase tariffs." Luigi Scazieri sums up as "a game without a result" that ultimately leads to a reduction in international cooperation.

H / H / H.D. (AFP)

Sign up for our free – – – and receive our best articles in your inbox.

Enter your email address:

Delivered by FeedBurner

Powered by Blogger.